Category Archives: Bone Broth

Beef Bone Broth

One of the things you can never have enough of in the long winter months is bone broth of any kind because you simply can’t buy it. It comes from hours of slow simmering bones and extracting all the minerals and gelatin that are essential building blocks for the human body.

There is a reason you heal faster when consuming clear bone broth. Your body needed it. It happens to be one of the most frugal things you can make and helps ensure that no part of the animal goes to waste as well. Broths you buy at the store have additives, even the organic brands. They don’t have the stuff that comes from simmering bones. They may add flavor but they are certainly not feeding you and won’t nurse you back to health from illness.

The world of bone broth is new to me this year. In the past I have made stock from turkey carcasses but that was the extent of it. I didn’t do it correctly and the broths were never full flavored. I usually ended up throwing it out or adding bouillon to it which defeats the purpose.

This year I’m obsessed with bone broth in any way, shape or form. It can turn the simplest of soups into a grand affair and it’s also an elixir tasty enough to sip plain from an old coffee mug.

Beef Bone Broth

4 pounds organic beef soup bones
1/4 – 1/2 cup Rockridge apple cider vinegar
3 medium onions, in 1/8ths
3 carrots, chopped in 1″ pieces
3 celery stalks, chopped in 1″ pieces
1 teaspoon whole black peppercorns
2 Tablespoons of dried nettles

Roast the soup bones in a 350 degree oven until browned.

beef-soup-bones

Place the bones in a stock pot and cover them with the vinegar and enough enough filtered water to cover for about an hour to aid in the removal of minerals from the bones.

After an hour add the vegetables, peppercorns and nettles and bring the pot to a simmer. Simmer the stock for 24 – 72 hours, being sure to add more filtered water as needed. I leave mine simmering overnight, being sure it won’t run out of water. If you need to leave you can choose to leave it on simmer or turn it off while you are gone then turn it back on again when you return. As long as you bring it back to a boil again before consuming it should be fine. This is the old fashioned method for meat stock – the USDA will tell you if it’s been out for two hours to throw it away but if you ask your grandmother she will probably back me up here.

simmering-beef-bone-broth

When the stock is cooked as long as you want to let it cool, then strain the broth. Cool it in the refrigerator overnight and in the morning remove the beef fat that has hardened and separated. Reserve the beef fat (tallow) and freeze for frying potato chips and other things.

At this point you can choose to freeze your broth or can it.

canned-fish-stock

To can, bring the broth back up to a boil for 10 minutes and can it following the directions for beef broth in the pressure canner booklet.

What do you do with beef broth?

Beef Pho

My friend Charlotte suggested using this for Pho which was a huge hit in my household. To make it I simply cooked some Rose brand egg noodles made in Seattle or Udon noodles would do nicely as well. I put those at the bottom of soup bowls. I heated a quart of beef broth and added some ginger, a pinch of allspice to mimic star anise, a large splash of fish sauce and soy sauce then added hot broth to the bowls of noodles. I quickly topped that with thinly sliced flank steak but any super thin cut of beef would do – the fattier the more flavorful generally. To that we added some grated lime zest that I had frozen from our winter key limes, some fresh sliced jalapeno and some cilantro. Ground peanuts would be great on this as well.

Beef Vegetable Soup – yet another simple and quick soup

To a quart of beef broth add sauteed chopped onion, carrot, celery, frozen beans, home canned tomatoes, nettles or chiffonade hearty winter greens, chopped potatoes, home canned corn, a hearty splash of Rockridge apple cider, pilsner or red wine, thinly sliced cabbage, turnip, parsnips or other root veggies. Really anything you might have overwintering in your garden or stored in your root cellar or pantry would do. If you have frozen cooked barley or other grain some of that would be great as well. I love to serve this with quick barley biscuits instead though.

French Onion Soup (or Freedom onion soup?)

Carmelize 1 pound of onion crescents slowly in butter by first putting them in a covered pan for about 10 minutes with a pinch of salt and thyme, then removing the lid and continuing to carmelize for about 25 minutes until they are dark and caremlized.  Stir in a quart of beef bone broth, scraping any bits from the bottom of the pan.  Add pepper and adjust the salt and thyme.  Cover and simmer for about 10 minutes.  To serve this in the French manner ladle the soup into oven safe ramekins or bowls.  Top with a slice of crusty baguette and sprinkle with 2 tablespoons of local Gruyere style cheese.  I love the Mutschli from Pleasant Valley Dairy in Ferndale and they have a wholesale buying club program to keep your costs on local cheese down.  They also make a farmstead cheddar and lovely gouda.

Place the ramekins on a cookie sheet and bake in a 350 degree oven for about 30 minutes until the cheese is nicely browned and bubbly.

Also think mushroom risotto made with Lentz emmer grains and lovely fall mushrooms from Foraged and Found.

Loki Fish Stock

On Saturday I picked up twenty pounds of salmon frames and heads from Loki.  They are a local family sustainably fishing the waters of Puget Sound and Alaska.  Dylan manages the farmer’s markets and maintains their interesting blog.

At $1 per pound the frames were loaded with meat and perfect for stock.  Dylan supplied me with a recipe for Brent’s Special Fish Stock and on Sunday I set to work making it.  I used celery, onions, leeks, garlic, fennel, thyme and bay leaves from the garden. 

There is something so gratifying about having most of everything you need to turn fish bones into a first class meal growing in your yard!  Even more satisfying taking something that most of us would discard and turn it into a nourishing traditional food that will sit in my pantry waiting any last minute salmon chowders, Bourrides or Bouillabaisses.  I may even get some shellfish from Taylor Shellfish and make a paella one night.  The world is my oyster, so to speak.

The only change I made to this recipe is adding about 1/4 cup per pot of Rockridge Orchards apple ciderwhich has become my secret citrus replacer this year.  Need a splash of lemon?  Try it.  Especially in fruit jams or pies and even gravy.  It’s somewhere in between a vinegar and cider and adds amazing depth of flavor and balances acidity brilliantly.  I love the local and sustainable substitutes!  Although when my yuzu and meyer lemon start producing I’m sure I’ll be gushing about those as well.

canned-fish-stock

Brent’s Special Fish Stock

1 pound of fish bones

4 large celery stalks – large dice

1 large or 2 small yellow onions - large dice

Top green part of 1 leek, washed and roughly chopped

1 bulb fennel – large dice

4 cloves garlic, crushed

2 cups dry white wine (I used Chateau Ste. Michelle Sauvignon Blanc)

1 T white peppercorns

1 T coriander seeds

2 bay leaves

1 T finely – ground sea salt

6 fresh thyme sprigs

  1. Roast the fish bones in a 400 degree oven for approximately 30 minutes
  2. Roast ingredients 2-6 for 15-20 minutes or until caramelized
  3. Put all the ingredients in a  heavy bottom pot and fill with water about 3 inches above the bones
  4. Bring to a full boil and turn down to a simmer.  Let the stock cook for about 2-3 hours, skimming any fat and scum that rises to the surface as it cooks.
  5. Stock will keep in the fridge for about 7 days, or in the freezer for a few months.

 

I strained my stock when it was cool.  The longer you leave the fish frames in the stock the fishier it will become.  After leaving my stock in the fridge overnight I carefully removed the fat from the surface then reduced it to half.  I canned it in the pressure canner on 11 pounds of pressure for 35 minutes.  Each quart will make a full pot of something this winter!

One quick and easy dish you can make with this stock is Saigon Fish Soup.  It’s a little like Pho in that once you  have the stock prepared the rest of the meal comes together in the same amount of time it takes to microwave something frozen.

I pulled some red dragon carrots (did I tell you how much I love these carrots?), leeks and Thai basil from the garden.  Once the carrot and leeks were approaching done I added some Loki Salmon but any fish would do.  You could use noodles or cook rice in the soup itself.  When the fish finished cooking in a few minute’s time I added a few cubes of the key lime juice I had frozen last winter, the thai basil and served it with the last of Tonnemaker’s jalapenos that I bought a few weeks ago just before the frosts started.

So quick.  So simple.  So yummy.